The following article is a direct translation from the classic Genealogical and Heraldic reference "Herbarz Polski" by Kasper Niesiecki S.J., (Lipsk) edition 1839-46.
Paprocki and Okolski are silent about it, there are two scythes, sharp edges facing each other, pointed upward, crossing diagonally over two German swords which meet vertically, their points touching as though merged into one. Three ostrich plumes are on the helmet.
The occasion for granting this coat of arms is uncertain. I know that it is the seal of the Alexandrowiczes of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The election of Wladyslaw IV in 1632 was signed by Jan, Marshal of Grodno, Konstanty, Kazimierz, Piotr, and Mikolaj Bitout, justice of Upita.
The election of King Jan Kazimierz in 1648 was signed by Konstanty, land scribe of Upita and delegate from Grodno. He, or another Konstanty, land scribe and Grodno delegate to the Diet (Sejm) of 1652, was deputized to the tribunal of the treasury in Lithuania. Later, he was a magistrate of Grodno and delegate to the Sejm in 1659 and 1661. In the constitution of 1662, he is listed as land judge of Grodno, and the commissioner of payments to soldiers. He had a son, Kazimierz Stefan, chamberlain of Grodno, and later, marshal, was deputized by the Sejm of 1690 to the tribunal of the treasury, and in 1697, to the tribunal of Wilno.
Stanislaw, captain of an armored division, fell in battle with Moscow at Miednice, which was noted by the Sejm in 1662 with the recommendation that his sacrifice be remembered, which the Sejm of 1683 confirmed.
Sebastyan, spent his youth among lords and manors, then chose a life of humility and domestic chores, serving God in the monastery of the Society of Jesus, where through continuous prayer, obedience and other virtues, he gained heaven, bidding farewell to this world in 1658. Benedykt Placyd, 1697.
land scribe of Lida, later marshal, 1704.
Alexandrowicz, Castellan of Wilno. commander-in-chief of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, subprefect of' Grodno and Mohilów. During the reign of King Zygmunt August, his signature appears on a document for the Prussian Prince of Brandeburg Kurfirszt. Among these papers, mention is made of Bogdan Alexandrowicz, Palatine of Moldavia, in 1569.
Jan, subprefect of Grodno, leaseholder of the keys of Jeziersk, Satandzk and Kotra, was honored with a personal letter from the Queen Anna, during the period following the death of her father King Zygmunt August, when the Republic assigned lands to her in 1573.
Alexandrowicz, equerry in Grand Duchy of Lithuania, during the reign of Zygmunt I.
Stefan, mentioned above, was also Castellan of Nowogród. He married Tekla Kierdejódwna, daughter of the Castellan of-Trock. Their son, ,Jan, subprefect of Ostrzyn, served as a deputy, and died young, a bachelor. Of four daughters, one married Komorowski, voivode of Brzesk; another married Bialozor, subprefect of Nowomlyn; the third, Zienowicz, subprefect of Sznitow; and the fourth, Konstancya, married Lukasz Alexarowicz, standard-bearer of Lida County.
Michal, Marshal of Lida County, a man of untainted virtue, paid all taxes levied on the poor gentry during the Swedish revolution. He died in old age, unmarried, buried in Lidz beside the Church of the Carmelites in a tomb that he himself built.
Piotr spent all of his life soldiering. With 100 men under his command, he repelled and dispersed 1,000 Valachians encroaching Poland's boundaries.
Kazimierz, cupbearer of Lida, brother of Lukasz, frequently served as deputy and commissioner.
Józef, Franciszek, captain of the 4th Regiment, was a delegate from Lida County to the Sejm on 17 June 1793.
Aloizy, Bishop of Chelm, son of Marcin, the standard-bearer of Braclawice, and Helena Bachminska. Committed to the spiritual life as a youth, he was a Warsaw official for several years before becoming bishop. He died in 1782 at the age of 65. His brothers were: Stanislaw, subprefect of Petychor; Józef, general in the royal army; Antoni, clerical scribe of the crown and secretary of the permanent council, who died in 1784; and Tomasz, v. of Podlasie, chamberlain, recipient of the Order of the White Eagle, and a Knight of St. Stanislaus. This man first served his country when he was sent to Ottoman Porte as Internuncio of the Republic. Shortly after his return, King Stanislaw August summoned him to his court and, after the death of Castellan Karas, Thomasz took over as marshal and castellan of Wizk. He married Marcyann Ledóchowska, daughter off the Voivode of Czerniechow. For additional services, he became Castellan and then,. the Voivode of Podlasie. He died in 1795. Had a son, Stanislaw.
Fabian, son of Michal, master of the hunt in Orsza County, and Elizbieta Illinicz from Dorochów; man of property in White Russia, in Zmuda Principality and Kowno County: entered military service at a young age and rose to the rank of vice-brigadier in the national cavalry of the Lithuanian army. He represented Smolensk v. at the Grodno Sejm in 1793; was king's chamberlain, captain from Starodub County, and subprefect of Wilczat. (According to Wieladek and others.)
land scribe of Lida County. Another Józef was a major in Petyhor Brigade. land judge of Lida County; deputy to tribunal; Hussar standard-bearer. assistant subprefect and treasurer of Grodziensk, was a deputy of Rzeczyce County, and vice-marshal of the tribunal. land judge of Grodno, was also a Sejm delegate; a deputy, four times; and tribunal scribe. the older brother of the mentioned Lukasz, served progressively in all official capacities of Lida County, from butler to standard-bearer, to chamberlain and marshal, and finally, Castellan of Lida. While butler (czesnik), he was deputy and marshal of the clerical tribunal in 1748. While standard-bearer, assuming old laws, he organized a parade of the citizens of Lida County; celebrating the coronation of King Stanislaw August, he carried the standard of the Lithuanian Province, oblivious to the Lithuanian standbearer. For his many services as delegate, King Stanislaw August presented him with both national awards. He married Tekla Matuszewicz, daughter of the subprefect of Stoki. Their son Stanislaw,
subprefect of Wasiliski, having completed his studies, traveled abroad, and on his return devoted himself to public service. He was twice an envoy, then a deputy and tribunal scribe from Lida County, for which King Stanislaw August awarded him captaincy in the national cavalry brigade. He died in the bloom of youth, after a brief illness, during his assignment as commissioner from the assessor's office marking the boundaries of the Kleszczelewski subprefecture and Brzesk voidodship. second son of the Lida standardbearer and younger brother of Franciszek, equerry of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, served enthusiastically as deputy to the Lithuanian tribunal in 1750 under Prince Albrycht Radziwill, subprefect of Rzeczyce, and as land scribe of Lida County, chosen by its citizens. During the twenty years in this office, he was delegate to the Sejm in 1758, 1761, and for the last time, in 1764, following the death of King August III, when Dominik served Prince Czartoryski, general of the Podol lands. Unbegrudgingly, he served further as deputy for the second time, as well as a marshal, to the main tribunal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1770. For his diligent and valuable services, King Stanislaw August conferred upon him the Order of St. Stanislaus, later, that of' Equerry in the Grand Duchy, and finally, the Order of the White Eagle. Not only did he serve in the civic arena but he also willingly rendered military service as lieutenant under the sign of Fleming, treasurer of Lithuania, and later, under Sollohuba, voivode of Witebsk. Under Hetman Massalski, he was in charge of a Lithuanian division, and when the Hetman was transferred to an established military commission, that authority honored him with a brevet. For his military accomplishments, they promoted him to Captain of Hussars. He married Klara Plater of Livonia, had two daughters and one son, Ignacy. (Krasicki's notes name Oskiercz, daughter of a Lithuanian official, as the wife.) Antoni, standard-bearer of Lida, served gloriously in many functions during the reign of Kings August II and III. He was a deputy of the tribunal three times. After the death of August II, during the interregnum, he was marshal of the confederation and vigilance committee of Lida County. Served as an envoy several times. The last such service was for Lubomirski, subprefect of Kazimierz, in 1746. He died in 1748 and rests in Szejbakpol, his lands, beside the church that he funded and granted to the Franciscan Fathers. His wife was Konstancya Alexandrowicz, daughter of the Castellan of Nowogród. They had two sons, Franciszek and Dominik, and a daughter, Elizbieta, who married Chrzanowski, subprefect of Rowiatyce.
Stanislawowicz, treasurer of Lida County.
Copyright © 1980 Josephine M. Piegzik. Used by permission. This article originally appeared in Polish Genealogical Society Newsletter (Vol. 2, No. 1, January 1980), the journal of the Polish Genealogical Society (of America).